Antonin Dvorak was the first Bohemian (located in the present day Czech Republic) composer to receive worldwide acclaim. He was known for turning folk music into beautiful, orchestral pieces of the Romantic era. He was the oldest of nine children and began his musical studies on the violin. At twelve, he went to live with relatives and to study music more seriously. He eventually married and had children. In 1892 he moved to New York City to be the director of the newly established National Conservatory of Music. While there, he came to love the sounds of American folk music. One of his stipulations while directing the National Conservatory was that talented Native American and African American students who could not afford the tuition be allowed to attend the Conservatory for free. It was while he was in America that he wrote his most popular work the Symphony No. 9, "From the New World."