Era: 20th Century
Bela Bartok was a 20th century composer from Hungary. He was also an accomplished pianist, ethnomusicologist, and teacher. He grew up studying piano under the tutelage of his mother, but then pursued music at the Royal Hungarian Academy of Music. He composed orchestral works, string quartets, piano solos, a variety of folk songs, and even a few stage works that were all infused with his Hungarian flavor. He drew inspiration from traditional Hungarian folk tunes and was motivated to revitalize Hungarian music. As the Nazi influence began to spread across Europe, Bartok found it impossible to remain in Hungary and decided to immigrate to New York City.